Kerala Fact File



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Total Area : 38, 863 square kilometers

Capital : Thiruvananthapuram; Old name: Trivandrum

Climate : Tropical

Currency : Indian Rupee

Languages Spoken : Malayalam, English

Population : 34.8 million (2012)

Location : Southwestern coast of Indian peninsula

Monsoon : June - September (22o - 28o Celsius)

Summer Temperature : February - May
22 o – 33 o Celsius

Winter Temperature : October - January
22 o – 34 o Celsius

Religion : Hinduism, Christianity and Islam

Time : GMT + 5.5 hrs

Per capita income : Rs. 74,620 /-

Literacy rate : 94.00%                            

Annual rainfall : 3,107 mm                                           

Density of population : 860/sq.km                                    

Sex ratio : 1084

Kerala’s share in national population : 3.1%

Major cities : Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode                                            

Mean Temperature : 29 °C

No.of districts : 14 [northern: Kasargode, Kannur, Wayanad, Kozhikode, Malappuram; central: Palakkad, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki; southern: Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kottayam]                                        

Largest district : Idukki                                                           

Smallest district : Alappuzha

Most populous district : Malappuram

Least populous district : Wayanad

Largest city : Thiruvananthapuram                 

No. of taluks : 75

No. of revenue villages : 1535

No.of city corporations : 6

No. of grama panchayats : 978

No. of block panchayats : 152

No. of district panchayats : 14

Location : South Western part of India; Flanked by Western Ghats on the east & Arabian Sea on the west

Clothing : Light cottons

No. of rivers : 44

Longest river : Periyar

Highest peak : Anamudi

Neighbouring states : Karnataka to the north; Tamil Nadu to the south & east

Airports : Thiruvananthapuram, Nedumbassery(Kochi), Karipur(Kozhikode), Kannur

Seaports : Kochi, Alappuzha, Kollam, Beypore(Kozhikode)

Prime crops : Coffee, rubber, tea, spices, cashew, coconut, arecanut, rice

Prime exports : Coir, spices, handloom, handicrafts, metal mirror, fibre, sea food

Prime industries : Tourism, IT, fertilizers, oil refineries, power generation, shipbuilding, machine tools, electronics, cables, rubber

Major beaches : Kovalam, Varkala, Fort Kochi, Kappad, Aleppey, Bekal, Cherai

Major wildlife sanctuaries : Thekkady(Periyar), Parambikkulam, Silent Valley, Wayanad, Shendurney, Neyyar, Chinnar, Peppara, Aralam, Eravikulam

Major bird sanctuaries : Thattekkad, Kumarakom, Mangalavanam

Major hill stations : Ponmudi, Peermade, Wagamon, Devikulam, Thekkady, Munnar, Wayanad

PQLI : Low infant mortality rate; High levels of literacy, health & hygiene, life expectancy

Tourist rating : “One among top 10 destinations in Asia”- Travel magazine; “One of the 50 must-see places of a lifetime”- National Geographic Traveler

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